Most people got married in June because they took their yearly bath in May, and still smelled pretty good
by June. However, they were starting to smell, so brides carried a bouquet of flowers to hide the body odour.
Hence the custom today of carrying a bouquet when getting married.
Baths consisted of a big tub filled with hot water. The man of the house had the privilege of the nice clean
water, then all the other sons and men, then the women and finally the children. Last of all the babies.
By then the water was so dirty you could actually lose someone in it. Hence the saying, "Don't throw the
baby out with the bath water."
Houses had thatched roofs-thick straw-piled high, with no wood underneath. It was the only place for animals
to get warm, so all the cats and other small animals (mice, bugs) lived in the roof. When it rained it became
slippery and sometimes the animals would slip and fall off the roof. Hence the saying "It's raining cats and
There was nothing to stop things from falling into the house. This posed a real problem in the bedroom where
bugs and other droppings could mess up a nice clean bed. Hence, a bed with big posts and a sheet hung over
the top afforded some protection. That's how canopy beds came into existence.
The floor was dirt. Only the wealthy had something other than dirt. Hence the saying "dirt poor."
The wealthy had slate floors that would get slippery in the winter when wet, so they spread thresh (straw)
on floor to help keep their footing. As the winter wore on, they added more thresh until when you opened the
door it would all start slipping outside. A piece of wood was placed in the entranceway. Hence the saying
a "thresh hold."
In those old days, they cooked in the kitchen with a big kettle that always hung over the fire. Every day
they lit the fire and added things to the pot. They ate mostly vegetables and did not get much meat. They
would eat the stew for dinner, leaving leftovers in the pot to get cold overnight and then start over the
next day. Sometimes stew had food in it that had been there for quite a while. Hence the rhyme,
"Peas porridge hot, peas porridge cold, peas porridge in the pot nine days old."
Sometimes they could obtain pork, which made them feel quite special. When visitors came over, they would
hang up their bacon to show off. It was a sign of wealth that a man could "bring home the bacon."
They would cut off a little to share with guests and would all sit around and "chew the fat."
Those with money had plates made of pewter. Food with high acid content caused some of the lead to leach
onto the food, causing lead poisoning death. This happened most often with tomatoes, so for the next 400
years or so, tomatoes were considered poisonous. Bread was divided according to status. Workers got the
burnt bottom of the loaf, the family got the middle, and guests got the top, or "upper crust." Lead cups
were used to drink ale or whiskey. The combination would sometimes knock the imbibers out for a couple of
days. Someone walking along the road would take them for dead and prepare them for burial. They were laid
out on the kitchen table for a couple of days and the family would gather around and eat and drink and
wait and see if they would wake up. Hence the custom of holding a "wake."
England is old and small and the local folks started running out of places to bury people. So they would
dig up coffins and would take the bones to a "bone-house" and reuse the grave. When reopening these
coffins, 1 out of 25 coffins were found to have scratch marks on the inside and they realized they had
been burying people alive. So they would tie a string on the wrist of the corpse, lead it through
the coffin and up through the ground and tie it to a bell. Someone would have to sit out in the graveyard
all night (the "graveyard shift") to listen for the bell; thus, someone could be "saved by the bell" or
was considered a "dead ringer."